### Degree Type:

Master of Philosophy### Department:

Department of Physics### Programme Duration:

2 years (Standard Entry)

### Modes of Study:

Regular### Entry Requirements:

A good first degree in Physics or Engineering Physics from a recognized university

### Career Opportunities:

The Master of Philosophy (MPhil) program admits students who have obtained good undergraduate degrees and wish to pursue advanced studies in preparation for doctoral level or for employment in specialized areas of the private and public sectors that require strong research foundation and analytical skills. The program lasts for two years

## Programme Structure

### Level 500

### First Semester

## PHY 501: Advanced Quantum Mechanics

A Review of Schrodinger Equation and time-dependent, Perturbation theory; the Brillouin-Winger Series, Angular Momentum and spin, Radiation, Second Quantisation, The Dirac equation from Electron, Born-Oppeinheimer approximation.

## PHY 503: Mathematical Methods

The Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable, Special Functions, Partial Differential Equations, Asymptotic expansion, Advanced Matrices, Tensors, Linear Vector Spaces, Operators application to Sturn-Lionville problems, Green functions and resolrent methods, Random processes, master equation and its solution, Auto and cross Correlation Convolution.

## PHY 505: Computing And Numerical Methods

This practical course involves Computer architecture, Programme Languages, Programme development and Algorithms, Interfacing, Numerical methods in computing, Application to Filter Design, Fourier analysis, Digital Filtering, Fast Fourier transform.

## PHY 507: MICROPROCESSORS I

Microprocessors I will introduce students to Linear Integrated Circuits, Operation amplifiers, Linear and Non Linear Wave conformation, Bipolar Digital ICS, MOS & CMOs digital ICS, Multi vibrator Circuits, Counters and Registers.

## PHY 511: Meteorology I

Structure and composition of the Atmosphere, Classification of the Atmosphere, Solar Radiation, Solar Constant, Undulated Isolation, Transmission of Solar Radiation, and Long wave Radiation in the Atmosphere, Planetary temperature. The Greenhouse effect, Energy Budget of Earth/ Atmosphere System, Energy Fluxes.

## PHY 513: Material Science

The Material Science Course will broaden the minds of students to describe the Types of Materials, Elements of Crystallography, Lattice imperfections, Diffusion in materials, Mechanical Testing, Strain Hardening, Solidification and Alloying, Phase Transformation

## PHY 515: Many Body Theory

Students will be be taken through Occupation Number representation, Plasma Oscillations, Schrodinger, Heisenberg Interaction Pictures, Adiabatic Hypothesis and ground State, Feynman-graphs, Correlation Energy, Green Functions and One-electron.

## PHY 517: Data Acquisition Systems I

The Data Acquisition System I will introduce students to Sensors, Programmable Counters, Voltage to frequency Convertors (V/F), Digital Filters, Analogue to Digital Convertors (A/D), PC Bus Theory and Interfacing, ORCAD and EWB Software

## PHY 519: Radiation Physics I

Radiation Sources and their characterization, Basic interactions with matter, radiation Instruments and techniques, Radiation Effects

## PHY 521: Health Physics

Students will have a clear understanding of Radiation Dosimetry, Biological Effects of radiation, Radiation Safety guides, Health Physics Instrumentation, External and Internal Radiation Protection, Criticality, Evaluation of Protective Measures, Non ionizing Radiation.

## PHY 523: Semiconductor Physics

This course will help students to understand the description and classification, intrinsic semiconductors, impurity levels, extrinsic semiconductors mobility, Band structure, Effective mass, Band gap, N-n junctions and schottky diode, barrier layer approximation, I-V and C-V characteristics, Electrical and Optical Properties of Semiconductors, Semiconductor-metal contacts, Ohmic and Schottky contacts Influence of impurities and defects on the properties of these contacts.

## PHY 525: Advanced Energy Studies

This course deals with the Radiation outside the earth atmosphere, solar constant, spectral distribution, Atmospheric attenuation, Direct and diffuse radiation, measurement and characterization of solar radiation, laws of Plank and wien, Black and Gray bodies, spectral dependence of absorbance, emittance and reflectance, greenhouse effect, convention between sloping plane surfaces, suppression, Wind, Flat and concentrating collectors, spherical, parabolic, Fresnel and mixed, Thermosyphon-optimal flow rate, Photovoltaic cells, Desalination.

## PHY 527: Atmospheric Physics

Under this course students will study Physics of the ionosphere, Interaction of EM radiation with the constituents of the middle atmosphere, Rarefied aerodynamics- a study of perturbation, Mesosphere as a transition region, Distribution of properties of trace gases and aerosols, transport and dynamics in the middle atmosphere, hydro magnetic behaviour near neutral point, The model of the interplanetary magnetic field.

## PHY 529: Optical Fibres and Fibre Optics

Students will be taken through Introduction to Optical Fibres, Review of Electromagnetic Theory. Basic Waveguide Equations – wave and Ray optics, the dielectric slab wave guide, Fibre types, Fabrication of optical fibres, Fibre Measurements. Packaging of optical fibres, source coupling, splices and connectors, Fibre Systems, Integrated Optics Fibre Optics in communications, industry and medicine. Solitons in Fibres, Fibre amplifiers and Fibres Lasers.

### Second Semester

## PHY 502: Quantum Statistics

Theory for Time Evolution Problems, Scattering Theory, The Hartree-Fock Method and Free Electron Gas.

## PHY 504: Condensed Matter Physics

Students will be trained to Review of classification of solids, Lattice vibrations and Thermal Properties. Electrons in Periodic Potentials, Metals and Fermi Surface, Semiconductors, Optical Properties of Solids, Transport Properties, Dielectric constants, Polarizability and ferroelectricity, superconductivity.

## PHY 508: Microprocessors II

This course deals with Microprocessor Architecture, Microprocessor Cycles and Signals, Gate and Memory Directories, Interruption, Programme Gates, Software, Example of Systems.

## PHY 512: Meteorology II

Equations of Motion on a Rotating, gravitational, Pressure and Coriolis forces, Energy Equations, Equations of Motion in Natural Coordinates, Types of Flow-Zonal, Horizontal & Spherical, classification of flow-Baric, Geostrophic, Intertial, Eulerian, Gradient Trajectories and Streamlines, Variation of Wind and Pressure in Vertical, thermal wind and Relative Stability, Circulation and verticity, Long waves in the Westerlies.

## PHY 514: Group Theory

This course will enlighten students on the Multiplication Table, Conjugate Elements, Class Subgroups, Cosets, Normal Subgroups, Isomophism, Hormorphism, Direct Product of Group, Linear Operators and Matrices, Reducible and Irreducible representations, Schur’s Lemmas and Orthogonality Theorem, Character of a representation, Application of group Theory to Atomic Physics, Quantum Mechanics and Solid State Physics.

## PHY 516: Data Acquisition Systems Ii

This three credit hour course will expose students Programmable Interval timers, Serial Data Telemetry, Pulse Width Modulation, Digital Signal Processing, Modems, Programming Inter 8051 Microcontroller, tit Bits on PC Maintenance

## PHY 518: Radiation Physics Ii

Students will be taken through Rector Physics, Radiation Shielding, Radiation Diagnostics, Health Physics

## PHY 520: Medical Physics (Medical Dosimetry)

Students will gain theoretical and practical understanding of Medical radiation, Interaction of Radiation with matter, Dosimetric concepts and quantities, ionization Dosimetry, Low medium Energy dosimetry, Replacement for Exposure, High Energy Dosimetry, Branching therapy.

## PHY 522: Image Processing & Spectroscop

Students will learn Atomic Spectra, Molecular Spectra, Electronic Spectroscopy, Mossibauers effect, Nonlinearities, Optical Phase conjugation, Ultra-fast Non-linear Optics, transitions in Optical Response or Linear System theory, Fourier Optics, Optical Filtering, Hot graphic Principles, Commercial and Analog Processing Measuring Techniques

## PHY 524: Optoelectronics

Students will be introduced Intro to semiconductors, crystalline lattices, material growth, polarization, optical waveguides and fibre. Electro-optic effect, magneto-optic effect, acousto-optic effect, optical modulators, lasers and light emitting diodes, Energy bands and charge carriers in solids, semiconductor doping, carrier Superfme Structure, High resolution Laser Spectroscopy of atoms in absorption and scattering. Multiphoton processes, resonant interaction of light with atoms and molecules. Velocity and Time-resolved spectroscopy, Spectrophotometer, Opt galvanic Spectroscopy.

## PHY 526: Advanced Environmentat Physics

For this course students will be taken through Scope of environmental physics, Gas Laws, Transport Laws, Radiation environment, Microclimatology of radiation-direct and diffuse radiation, radiation properties of natural materials, net radiation, momentum transfer Heat transfer, Mass transfer, Steady-state heat balance, transient heat balance, Greenhouse effect, global cooling due to light scattering particles and ozone depletion

## PHY 528: Solar Cells and Thin Film Technology

This course is intended to expose students to the need for photovoltaic energy conversion, Basic characteristics of sunlight, interaction of light with solar cell, absorption, reflection, separation and collection of carriers, Basic equation of semiconductor device physics, P-N junction diodes, Efficiency limits, losses efficiency-limiting factors and measurements, standard silicon solar cell technology, Hetero junction structures, characterization and testing of solar cells and modules, photovoltaic module operations, Photovoltaic systems. Evaporation, sputtering and other techniques, Bonding, Hardness, Thickness, Uniformity, Composition, Electrical and Optical properties, Applications, semiconductor physics and biological fields.

## PHY 506: Laser And Optical Physics

Students will be able to introduced to Lasers sources, Application Formula, Optical System Design, He-Ne Laser, Spectroscopy, Mode Selections, Stabilization Methods, Gas Lasers, Solid State and Semiconductor Lasers.